Adjective Suffixes

Prefix and Suffix Types

Negative prefixes and suffix forms

Understanding when to use prefixes and suffixes correctly are an important part of doing the word formation exercise , which is Part 3 in the Use of English exam. In the example in the image above we can see how we create adjective forms. Here we look at the endings we use for adjective suffixes.

Adjective Suffixes

When we use these suffixes we are often changing a verb or noun.   

For example

  • Use – ful /Use -less – full of use/no use.        
  • Imagin(e) -able something we can imagine.
  • Fun -ny  description of something. 
     

Suffixes

This group of suffixes probably needs most attention as it is a large group.  It is important for you to learn these suffixes as you can find examples like these in the Use of English Part 3 exercise. You should also think about what type of negative prefix you need to use with these adjective forms. 

  • -able/-ible
  • -al / -ical
  • -ive
  • -ent
  • -ful
  • -less
  • -y
  • -ous
  • -ish
  • -ary
  • -like
  • -ic
  • -ly

likable / credible
emotional  / historical
inventive
different 
useful 
useless
messy
famous
childish 
momentary
childlike
basic
weekly

 

You can also learn more about verb and adverb suffixes from another post.

Adjective Suffixes Practice

In each of the following questions decide which option you need to use to create an adjective for each of the words.

EXAMPLE  

agree, use, excuse, consider

    1. -ful
    2. -ive
    3. -able
    4. -ous

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