Use of English Part 4

All you need to know

Use of English Part 4

All you need to know

Use of English Part 4

The Cambridge B2 part 4 keyword transformation exercise asks you to write a new sentence, with the same meaning as the example, by using the keyword given. On this page we will talk about what you need to know. 

What do I have to do in the Part 4 transformation exercise?

Sample Part 4 Sentence

Instructions

For questions 25-30 complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given. Here is an example at the beginning (0).

Example

0   My brother drove us into town.

DRIVEN

We _________________________________  my brother.

0  WERE DRIVEN INTO TOWN BY


Write only the missing words IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet.
___________________________________________________________________________________

25  I can’t wait to move into my new flat next week.

TO

I’m ______________________________ my new flat next week.

How to do the keyword transformation exercise

In this Part 4 Use of English exercise you must use the word given but you cannot change it.

There are a number of steps you can use to complete the exercise.

  1. Look at the grammar in the first sentence and highlight the key words.
    This can give you some clues. In our example sentence above this is can’t wait to move.
  2. Make sure that you include all prepositions and negative forms if appropriate.
  3. Think about possible options for the keyword. In our example sentence is to part of phrasal verb, just a preposition or used with an infinitive?

Answer to keyword transformation sentence (25):  LOOKING FORWARD TO MOVING INTO

Part 4 Keyword Transformation completed exercise

Part 4

For questions 1-6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given. Here is an example (0).

Example:

0 A very friendly taxi driver drove us into town.

 DRIVEN

We …………………………………………………… a very friendly taxi driver.

 

The gap can be filled by the words ‘were driven into town by’, so you write:

 

Example:

0

 

DRIVEN INTO TOWN BY

  1. Very wisely my grandfather has decided not to drive anymore.

GIVE

My grandfather’s decision ……………………………………………….  is very wise.

to give up driving

  1. The guests at the party ate very little food.

WAS

Hardly……………….…………… by the guests at the party.

any food was eaten

  1. I didn’t take any notice of Georges behaviour.

ATTENTION

I didn’t pay………………………………………. George was behaving.

any attention to how

  1. Martin still finds it strange to speak English every day.

USED

Martin still has not……………………………. English every day.

got used to speaking

  1. I haven’t been skiing for three years.

BEEN

It’s…………………………………………. I last went skiing.

been three years since

  1. I’d prefer you to start work next week.

RATHER

I………………………………… work next week.

would rather you started

Doing it better!

The keyword transformation exercise can be a difficult exercise, as it covers a wide range of grammar and vocabulary.  There are some ways you can improve your score but the main one, as always, is to spend time on  grammar and vocabulary structures and concentrate on getting them right.

Learn groups of phrasal verbs
While phrasal verbs can often confuse and frustrate candidates,  spend some time learning them to help you to identify them more easily in an exam.

Practise identifying the forms you need
When you practice exercises get into the habit of studying the sentences and thinking about possible forms you might need.

Look at all of the questions first
Take a look at all of the questions. You should be able to see which ones might be easier for you to answer . Candidates sometimes spend too much time on questions they may not know the answer to.  If you are not sure of an answer you can come back to it. 

Final thoughts

The Cambridge B2 part 4 keyword transformation exercise can be very challenging but it is also an opportunity to get a good score. It is important too to remember that each correct answer carries two marks and that even partly correct answers can give you one mark.

Part 1

Put a word in each gap by choosing the best option from the four multiple choice answers.

Part 2

Put a single word in each of the gaps.


Part 3

Change the form of the word given at the end of a line to create a new word.

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Preparation

Learn all about the Cambridge First exam, how it is organised and what each of the different parts is about. 

–  Explore each part of each exam.

–  Learn key strategies. 

–  6 hours of extra practice exercises to improve reading, Use of English and Writing performance.